Stopped for Questioning

Do stay calm and in control.

Do not run away.

Do not make any sudden moves or reach in your pocket. Do not touch or reach for the officer.

Do not get into an argument with the officer.

Do not make any statements

You have a right to remain silent.

Do not consent to a search.

Vehicle Stops

Do stop in a safe place as quickly as possible.

Do not pull over in a place that is going to cause you or the officer to be placed in danger.

Do not coast for several blocks.

Do keep your engine running.

If stopped at night, do turn your dome lights on so officer can see what is going on in the car.

Do avoid any sudden movement, especially toward the floor board, rear seat or passenger side of the vehicle or glove compartment

Do keep your hands on the steering wheel as the officer approaches the car.

Do stay in your car.

Do be polite.

Do be careful about what you say.

Upon request, do show the police officer your driver’s license, proof of insurance and registration.

If documents are out of reach, do tell the officer where they are before you reach for them. You do have a right to ask the officer why you have been stopped.

Do not consent to a search of the vehicle.

Never physically stop an officer from entering or searching your car.

If you do not agree with the ticket, do be silent and challenge the ticket in court.

Do refuse to take a field sobriety or breathalyzer test.

Never confess to drinking alcohol and doing drugs.
Searches

Do not consent to a search in your vehicle or home.

Do request a search warrant.

Do not let the officer in your home unless they show you a search warrant.

Do not physically stop an office from entering your vehicle or home even if they do not have a warrant.

Do not voluntarily aid the officer in his search.

Do not explain anything that was found in the search.

Arrested

Do not resist arrest.

Do let the officer know you wish to remain silent.

When executing an arrest at your home or office, do ask the officer to present an arrest warrant and have them slide it under the door.

Do ask for a lawyer immediately
You do have a right to make a local phone call.
Do prepare yourself and your family in case you are arrested.

Immigration Stops
Both driver and passenger have right to remain silent.

You do not have to discuss your immigration or citizenship status during a stop.

If you are not a U.S. citizen and an immigration agent requests your immigration papers, do show them if you have them with you.

If you do not have your immigration papers, do remain silent.
Do not lie about citizenship status.
Do not provide fake documents.

Immigration Custody or ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement)

Custody You do have a right to a lawyer, but the government does not have to provide one. Do tell the ICE agent you wish to remain silent.

Only talk to your lawyer about your immigration status.

Do remember your immigration number (“A” number) and give it to your family.

Do keep a copy of your immigration documents with someone you trust.

What to do if you Feel your Rights Have Been Violated

Police misconduct cannot be challenged on the street, do challenge in court.

Do write everything down your remember as soon as possible, i.e. officer’s name and badge number.

Do try to find witnesses and their names and phone numbers.

If injured, do take photos of your injuries as soon as possible.

If injured, do seek medical attention first.

Do ask for copies of your medical records.

Do file an internal affairs grievance report as soon as possible and provide, pictures, medical records, names and numbers of witnesses

Do seek legal help.

Legal Disclaimer

This check list provides information about the law designed to help individuals safely cope with their own legal needs. But legal information is not the same as legal advice — the application of law to an individual’s specific circumstances. Although we go to great lengths to make sure our information is accurate and useful, we recommend you consult a lawyer if you want professional assurance that our information, and your interpretation of it, is appropriate to your particular situation. Please contact our offices at 832-623-2323 for any further information.

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